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Inteligencia Artificial: El dilema entre seguridad y privacidad

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Imagen de Gerd Altmann en Pixabay

Internet ha permeado la vida cotidiana, convirtiéndose en un servicio de primera necesidad. No obstante, sus alcances están yendo mucho más allá de lo que pudimos imaginar hace algunos años. La integración de la inteligencia artificial con más y más procesos utilizados por los usuarios, comienza a generar preocupación en términos de seguridad y privacidad de la información.

 

¿A quien no le ha sucedido que luego de hablar o hacer una búsqueda en la red sobre un tema aleatorio, se encuentra con publicidad del mismo asunto al ingresar a sus redes sociales? ¿Te ha sucedido que luego de tomar una fotografía, los rostros que aparecen en ella ya han sido etiquetados con los nombres de las personas sin tu intervención? Las formas usadas para sacar provecho de nuestros datos, la vigilancia de nuestra ubicación e incluso de las interacciones que realizamos y los ciberdelitos, siguen siendo tema de discusión a nivel global.

 

Inteligencia artificial y el Internet de las cosas

 

El IoT (por sus siglas en inglés), consiste en la conexión a internet de cosas que usamos diariamente. Electrodomésticos, autos, mecanismos automatizados como portones eléctricos, semáforos, cámaras de vigilancia y hasta juguetes, interactúan dentro de la red enviando, recibiendo y procesando datos con el justificado fin de ofrecer un mejor servicio a los usuarios finales. Pueden incluso llegar a accionarse de manera autónoma de acuerdo a como sean programados. Dentro de esta realidad, la inteligencia artificial puede también afectar al público en términos de invasión a la privacidad

IoT sup news

https://pxhere.com/en/photographer/2102671

Ya en varias ciudades de México y del mundo, existen en calles y avenidas cámaras de vigilancia que cuentan con reconocimiento facial. El principal motivo es la seguridad. Su función es prevenir y controlar la delincuencia y estar en capacidad de realizar acciones contundentes e infracciones de forma rápida y eficaz. También se desea tener una mejor capacidad de respuesta ante accidentes viales y otros tipos de contratiempos en vía pública.

 

La mala noticia es que este tipo de tecnología ha demostrado no ser 100% efectiva. En Reino Unido, específicamente en Londres, al principio de su implementación se comprobó un 98% de errores de reconocimiento por parte de la Policía Metropolitana de esa ciudad. Es necesario ser cautelosos en este sentido, pues aunque se ha avanzado en la inteligencia artificial y se han mejorado estos mecanismos, aún la capacidad de identificación no es total. Entre la seguridad de los ciudadanos y el respeto a su privacidad, hay una línea muy delgada.

 

El uso de Cookies

 

Es muy común que al acceder a una página web, recibas un mensaje pidiendo que autorices el uso de Cookies. Estos son pequeños archivos en los que se guarda la información sobre tus elecciones durante la navegación. Por ejemplo, anuncios que viste, sitios que visitaste, tu horario y ubicación, tu dirección de correo electrónico, imágenes que abriste, etc. En muchas ocasiones, al permitir que estos datos sean recopilados, puedes obtener ventajas como no tener que ingresar nuevamente tu nombre de usuario, contraseña o forma de pago, pero al mismo tiempo, estás abriendo la puerta para recibir, por ejemplo, publicidad no deseada.

 

Seguridad Vs Privacidad. ¿Qué sigue?

 

La forma en que internet y la inteligencia artificial se integran, hacen que tanto tu información personal como el registro de tus actividades, proporcionen a empresas y gobierno datos y pronósticos escalofriantes sobre tu vida privada. Siguen existiendo formas de proteger tu privacidad, no obstante, necesitas investigar un poco sobre los modos de evitar ser invadido y no aceptar cualquier condición al descargar aplicaciones o registrarte en un sitio web. Esta información está disponible para todos y contamos con la opción de rechazar o modificar preferencias.


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Seguirán existiendo, y quizá se incrementen las formas de vigilancia con inteligencia artificial, con sus respectivas ventajas en tema de seguridad y desventajas en cuanto a privacidad. Habrá algunas cosas de las que podremos protegernos y otras de las que no. Sin embargo es importante recordar que estar informado y tomar acciones será siempre nuestro derecho.

Google

Google discontinues Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL after less than a year [Updated]

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At the start of July, Google discontinued the Pixel 3a after inventory ran out on its official store. After announcing its latest mid-range phone on Monday, the flagship Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL is now discontinued and out of stock on the Google Store.

Update: Google confirmed to us that it has discontinued the Pixel 4 line. It will no longer be sold on the Google Store, though it will be available from other retailers while supplies last. The company reiterates that the phones will receive OS and monthly security updates until October 2022.

“Google Store has sold through its inventory and completed sales of Pixel 4|4XL. For people who are still interested in buying Pixel 4|4XL, the product is available from some partners while supplies last. Just like all Pixel devices, Pixel 4 will continue to get software and security updates for at least 3 years from when the device first became available on the Google Store in the US.”

This departure — only 9.5 months after release — is highly uncharacteristic as the replacement hasn’t been fully detailed yet. More about the Pixel 5 is expected this fall, while we just reported on a possible pre-order date. With the Pixel 4a not launching in the US until August 20th, this means you cannot buy a Pixel phone directly from Google for the next two weeks.

While Google has never revealed sales figures for its devices, there were signs of lower Pixel 4 adoption and interest. Historically, last year’s flagship is usually available (and heavily discounted) for several months after the new phone launches to clear inventory. From April 12th to May 9th, the Google Store offered a hefty $300 discount that brought the starting price of the phone to $499.


As of Wednesday evening, the Pixel 4 is listed as being “Out of stock” in the US store. The config page reflects that status as well for Verizon, Unlocked, and Google Fi units. Google Stores abroad still have the device on sale, but many variants are sold out.

Meanwhile, Google’s MVNO website no longer even lists the Pixel 4 or Pixel 4 XL. It’s still available at third-party retailers and carriers, but stock is dwindling.

The Pixel 4 ($799+) and Pixel 4 XL ($899+) was announced last October at Made by Google 2019 in New York City. It’s powered by a Snapdragon 855 processor with 6GB of RAM, which was the first time Google increased RAM since launching the Pixel line in 2016, and 64 or 128GB of storage. It’s available in Just Black, Clearly White, and a bold Oh So Orange.

The smaller phone has a 5.7-inch display and 2,800 mAh battery that was criticized for being too small given the 90Hz Smooth Display. Meanwhile, the 6.3-inch 4 XL rocks a 3,700 mAh battery.

Another first is the jump to a dual-camera array. The 12.2 MP main sensor is paired with a 16MP telephoto, bucking the trend of other manufacturers opting for wide-angle lenses.

Instead of a standard fingerprint sensor, Google opted for IR-based face unlock that also takes advantage of Soli to speed up detection. This radar sensor has been in development for the past several years, but the Advanced Technology and Projects group finally miniaturized the chip. It is used for hand gestures and turning off the always-on display when you’re not near the Pixel 4.

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Google

Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL is currently ‘out of stock’ on the Google Store

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At the start of July, Google discontinued the Pixel 3a after inventory ran out on its official store. After announcing its latest mid-range phone on Monday, the flagship Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL is currently out of stock on the Google Store.

As of Wednesday evening, the Pixel 4 is listed as being “Out of stock” in the US store. The config page reflects that status as well for Verizon, Unlocked, and Google Fi units. Google Stores abroad still have the device on sale, but many variants are sold out.

Meanwhile, Google’s MVNO website no longer even lists the Pixel 4 or Pixel 4 XL. It’s still available at third-party retailers and carriers, but stock is dwindling. We’ve reached out to Google for comment.

With the Pixel 4a not launching in the US until August 20th, this means you cannot buy a Pixel phone directly from Google for the next two weeks. This departure is highly uncharacteristic as the replacement hasn’t been fully detailed yet, much less available for purchase. Last year’s flagship is usually available (and heavily discounted) for several months after the new phone launches.

The Pixel 4 ($799+) and Pixel 4 XL ($899+) was announced last October at Made by Google 2019 in New York City. It’s powered by a Snapdragon 855 processor with 6GB of RAM, which was the first time Google increased RAM since launching the Pixel line in 2016, and 64 or 128GB of storage.

The smaller phone has a 5.7-inch display and 2,800 mAh battery that was criticized for being too small given the 90Hz Smooth Display. Meanwhile, the 6.3-inch 4 XL rocks a 3,700 mAh battery.

Another first is the jump to a dual-camera array. The 12.2 MP main sensor is paired with a 16MP telephoto, bucking the trend of other manufacturers opting for wide-angle lenses.

Instead of a standard fingerprint sensor, Google opted for IR-based face unlock that also takes advantage of Soli to speed up detection. This radar sensor has been in development for the past several years, but the Advanced Technology and Projects group finally miniaturized the chip. It is used for hand gestures and turning off the always-on display when you’re not near the Pixel 4.

Updating…

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Google

Today’s Google Store ‘Daily Special’ is free 2-day shipping on Pixel 4a pre-orders [U]

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The “something special” teased by Google over the weekend is a month-long series of deals. Fred Armisen is the face of the Google Store Daily Special with various skits showing off various Assistant devices and how they are helpful.

For the next month, there will be a “Daily Special” on a Made by Google product in the US Google Store. The site’s top navigation adds a new section that previews what’s coming next, while there’s free two-day shipping by entering this code — GOOGLESTORE2DAY — at checkout.

The company is partnering with Fred Armisen of Saturday Night Live, Portlandia, and Documentary Now! fame. The comedian plays all the characters in this series with funny voices, costumes, and elaborate wigs. Each product has an angle with the Nest Mini being called “The Nest Meditation Guru.”

We’ll be keeping a running list of all the deals, so be sure to follow and bookmark this page:

Wednesday, August 5: Pixel 4a

The eighteenth Daily Special calls the Pixel 4a a “Call You Backer.” In terms of a deal, like on Monday, you can get free two-day shipping when pre-ordering by entering “GOOGLESTORE2DAY” at checkout.

Tuesday, August 4: Nest Hub + Mini

Google’s seventeenth Daily Special nets you $30 off a Nest Hub ($89.99) and Nest Mini ($49). At $108.99 instead of $138.99, this Family Megaphone highlights the popular Broadcast feature. It’s available until August 10th.

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_google_nest_hub_nest_mini

Monday, August 3: Pixel 4a

The sixteenth Daily Special calls the Pixel 4a a “Portrait Machine.” In terms of a deal, you can take advantage of free two-day shipping when pre-ordering by entering the “GOOGLESTORE2DAY” promo code at checkout.

Friday, July 31: Nest Hub Max + Hub

The Google Store is ending this week how it started: $65 off a Nest Hub Max ($229) and regular Hub ($89.99). At $253.99 instead of $318.99, this fifteenth Daily Special is now a “HairDo Doer.”

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_hub_max_nest_hub

Thursday, July 30: Nest Mini (again x2)

The fourteenth Daily Special is actually just the first and the tenth: $20 off a Nest Mini 2-pack. This is the third repeat with buyers only paying $78 (instead of $98) until August 5. Google calls it the “Homework Helper.”

Wednesday, July 29: Nest Hub Max + Wifi + Chromecast

The thirteenth Google Store Daily Special is a big Nest Hub Max ($229), Nest Wifi router and point ($269), and Chromecast bundle ($29.99). Buying all three saves you $100 at $427.99 instead of $527.99. The focus is actually on the streaming dongle, with the “Yoga Challenger” available until August 4.

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_wifi_nest_hub_max_chromecast

Tuesday, July 28: Nest Hello

Last month, the Google Store integrated paying and scheduling for professional Nest installations during the standard checkout process. The twelfth Daily Special discounts the “professional installation by pros from the Handy network.” Instead of $99, you save $50, though the Nest Hello is still $229. The video doorbell is referred to as a “Fresh Duds Delivery Notifier,” and available until August 3.

https://store.google.com/config/nest_hello_doorbell

Monday, July 27: Nest Hub Max + Hub

The eleventh Daily Special saves you $65 when buying a Nest Hub Max ($229) and regular Hub ($89.99). At $253.99 instead of $318.99, this is the “Throwback Machine” with Google Photos making for a digital picture frame.

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_hub_max_nest_hub

Friday, July 24: Nest Mini (again)

The tenth Daily Special is actually just the first: $20 off a Nest Mini 2-pack. This is the third repeat with buyers only paying $78 (instead of $98) until August 5. Google calls it the “Happy Place Playlist Player” and prominently touts Spotify integration.

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_mini_two_pack

Thursday, July 23: Nest Wifi + Hub (again)

The ninth Daily Special is just the third (from last Wednesday): a Nest Wifi router and point ($269) with Nest Hub ($89.99) bundle that’s $60 off. At $298.99 instead of $358.99, the Wi-Fi unit is now billed as a “Multitask Master” until July 29.

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_wifi_nest_hub

Wednesday, July 22: Nest Hub Max + Wifi

Hot off Netflix support rolling out to Nest Hubs, the eight Daily Special is $85 off a Nest Hub Max ($229) and Nest Wifi router and point ($269) bundle. At $413 instead of $498, this is the “Baker Buddy” and available until July 28.

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_wifi_nest_hub_max

Tuesday, July 21: Nest Thermostat w/ Nest Mini

The seventh Daily Special nets you a free Nest Mini when buying a 3rd-gen Nest Learning Thermostat. There is no direct discount on the $249 unit, but you do get a $49 smart speaker for free. This “Climate Acclimator” — until July 27 — is available in seven finishes: Stainless Steel, Mirror Black, Brass, Polished Steel, White, Black, and Copper.

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_learning_thermostat_nest_mini

Monday, July 20: Chromecast + Nest Mini

After a weekend pause, the sixth Daily Special is $15 off a Nest Mini ($49) and the — recently discounted — 3rd-generation Chromecast ($29.99) available in Chalk or Charcoal. At $63.99 instead of $78.99, this bundle is known as the “Guilty Pleasure Player.” It will be available until July 26.

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_mini_chromecast

Friday, July 17: Nest Hub Max (again)

The fifth Daily Special is actually identical to the second. Google is again advertising — with a new tagline: “What Day is It Reminder” — $75 off a Nest Hub Max 2-pack at $383 instead of $458. Like the Tuesday deal, it will be available until July 23 with no extension as of yet.

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_hub_max_two_pack

Thursday, July 16: Nest Hello + Hub

The fourth Daily Special is $50 off a Nest Hello ($229) and Nest Hub bundle ($89.99). At $268.99 instead of $318.99, Google is calling the video doorbell a “Delivery Greeter” in a rather funny skit. The offer is available until July 22.

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_hello_nest_hub

Wednesday, July 15: Nest Wifi + Hub

The third Daily Special is $60 off a bundle that includes a Nest Wifi router and point ($269), as well as Nest Hub ($89.99). At $298.99 instead of $358.99, the Wi-Fi unit is billed as a “Workspace Expander” to “take your next meeting from any spot in the house.”

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_wifi_nest_hub

The Nest Wifi point, available in Snow, Mist, or Sand, doubles as a smart speaker, while the 7-inch Smart Display comes in four colors. This deal ends on July 21.

Tuesday, July 14: Nest Hub Max

The second Daily Special is $75 off a Nest Hub Max 2-pack that’s normally $458. At $383, it’s being billed as a “Grandpa Teleporter” given the built-in Nest Cam for video conferencing. This deal ends on July 23 at 11:59 p.m. PT.

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_hub_max_two_pack

The 10-inch Smart Display was announced last year at I/O 2019, but did not launch until September. Besides the bigger screen for watching videos and TV, there are stereo speakers and a 3-inch woofer. The camera comes as Google just launched Duo and Meet group calls, while it doubles as a security camera and has Face Match verification for a more personal Assistant experience.

Monday, July 13: Nest Mini

The first Daily Special on the Google Store is $20 off a Nest Mini 2-pack. Normally $98, it will cost $78 until Sunday, July 19 at 11:59 p.m. PT. As of midnight Pacific, the deal can be manually purchased by adding two to your cart, and it’s also listed on the Mini’s product page with a special URL:

https://store.google.com/config/daily_special_nest_mini_two_pack

Announced at Made by Google 2019, this is the company’s newest Nest product. It looks identical to the first-generation, but touts 2x stronger bass from a 40 mm driver and “improved voice recognition” with 3 far-field microphones. It’s powered by a quad-core 64-bit ARM CPU at 1.4 GHz and a “high-performance ML hardware engine” for more on-device processing.

As you approach, the LEDs automatically turn on to show the volume, while the Nest Mini can be mounted on the wall with an integrated mount/groove on the underside. As part of an environmental push, the fabric cover — available in Chalk (gray), Sky (Blue), Coral (orange), and Charcoal (black) — is made of recycled plastic bottles.

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